Gum disease is a condition that can cause many dental problems such as swollen, tender gums, painful chewing and even tooth loss. Gum disease is an infection caused by plaque and tartar buildup that is found above or below the gumline. The first stage of gum disease is called gingivitis. Many patients don’t realize they have gum disease in this beginning stage. When caught early, gum disease can typically be treated with a professional cleaning and at-home care. This is why regular dental check-ups are important. Having your dentist examine your smile regularly can help save your smile from severe dental issues. Tooth decay, gum disease and other oral issues are much easier to treat in the beginning stages.
Scaling & Root Planing
When gum disease worsens, it can lead to periodontitis. In this stage of gum disease, you may experience loose teeth or bleeding gums. Periodontitis is oftentimes treated with scaling and root planing. This treatment removes the plaque and tartar buildup above and below the gumline in areas a professional cleaning cannot reach. Many times, scaling and root planing can successfully reverse the dangers of gum disease. If your dentist discovers signs of gum disease, they will recommend the best possible treatment. If gum disease is advanced, surgical treatments may be recommended.
Surgical treatments for gum disease include:
- Surgical Crown Lengthening
- Periodontal Pocket Reduction
- Gum Graft Surgery
- Periodontal Plastic Surgery